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Long-range trips are always enthusiastic. They take you far from the routine and give you everything that is strictly connected to your habits and your culture, but when you take a long trip flying from one side of the globe to another, some discomfort (which is linked to the biological adaptation of the body to the new time zone) might occur. The greater the distance, the greater will be the time difference from the departure point. Going West, you are coming back in time; going East you are moving forward.
This sudden time change, when taking a flight, might cause discomfort which is scientifically recognized as Jet Lag.  

But what is it?  

The Jet Lag or travel fatigue, as it is also called, is a disturbance resulting from the quick passage through different time zones, that forces the body to the fast adaptation to the new rhythms of day/night and rest/activity. The greater the number of crossed-time zones the greater will be the possibility of having to deal with this discomfort resulting from the adaptation of the body to the new situation. It could take several days to overcome this discomfort and the most common symptoms are sleep-related: insomnia (falling asleep during trips to the East and early awakenings during trips to West), daytime drowsiness, headache, the difficulty to concentrate, nausea, loss of appetite and a general sense of fatigue.       

What can be done to reduce these symptoms?  

Here are some simple advises:  

General behavior 
  • Start to follow the rhythms of the new time zone before departing, several days in advance, slowly begin moving closer the hours of the meals and those of waking up and going to sleep to the hours of the new time zone. Once at the destination, try to maintain the rhythms of the new time zone: even if you feel sleepy, avoid sleeping during the day and try to regulate yourself following the local time;
  • Pay attention to the diet! It is recommended to avoid eating heavily the day before the departure and during the flight. If you need to stay awake during the flight (if you arrive at night you will need go to sleep), it is better to eat proteins. If instead you want to take the opportunity to rest during the flight, in order to be active at the destination, it is better to choose food that is rich in sugar and carbohydrates, because it helps to fall asleep;
  • Always keep yourself hydrated, therefore it is recommended to drink as much water as possible and to avoid any kind of energy beverage like tea or coffee and especially alcoholic drinks;   

Exposure to light
According to a study, conducted by researchers from the Stanford University School of Medicine, published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, the exposure of people to brief flashes of light while they are asleep represents an easy, fast and efficient method of preventing the jet lag. The test, which was conducted on 39 volunteers, show that a sequence of flashes of 2 milliseconds (as that of a camera) at a distance of 10 seconds created a lag of approximately two hours and a half in the outbreak of the sleepiness. The new generation aircrafts like the Airbus A350-900 or the Airbus A350-XWB and the Boeing B787 have on board a Led illumination system that simulates the time passing, providing the right type of illumination at a right moment. In fact during the trip, the lights change their color according to the time zone, likely simulating the natural sunlight illumination. The blue light is used for the hours of work and reading, red warm for providing a pleasant restaurant atmosphere on board during meals, blue half light for sleeping while attending to arrive at the destination.

A help from the technology  
Also the technology helps us to overcome the jet lag. In fact, there are different Apps available that can be very helpful  
  • Jet Lag Rooster Group created an App, which is also used by the airline companies for their pilots and flight crew training, that suggests when to expose yourself to the sunlight and when to avoid it;
  • Entrain  – developed by the University of Michigan, is a summary of advises on how to restore your circadian rhythm fast and without traumas; 
  • SleepBot instead, was mainly developed for tracking your sleep and possibly making it better. The App uses smartphone sensors to register the sounds and movements you make while sleeping;
  • Sleep as Android – besides tracking the cycles of sleep, it is also an intelligent alarm clock. It produces graphics of sleep cycles and deficit stats, distinguishing the phases of deep sleep, the moments of snoring and it wakes you up at the right moment and makes you fall asleep with a selection of nature sounds.  

Flying with a private plane choosing your timing  
As a charter broker, we would like to suggest you a custom charter plane or a private jet where you can freely decide the hour of the departure in order to minimize the problems connected to jet lag: a late morning departure if you are going West, in order to arrive at the destination in the afternoon; a departure in the evening, if you are going East, in order to arrive in the morning after sleeping on board.  

Choosing the right configuration of the private plane, that will guarantee you the maximum comfort during the flight, is a plus that will help you to reduce the stress of a long trip. 

Moreover a charter plane will give you the possibility of choosing the menu, which will be more suited for your flight. Therefore, following the expert’s advises as above, a meal that is rich in proteins, if you must stay awake when flying West, or a meal rich in sugar and carbohydrates if you want to sleep during the flight when going East.  

If you are planning a group work trip or if you have to organize company meetings, incentive trips, medical congresses or any kind of company event and want to arrive at the destination without difficulty of concentration or a general sense of fatigue, which can jeopardize your appointments, than choose a private plane.    

THAT!: the broker that pays attention to your needs.      

For further information and flight price quotations please contact us.               


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